What is NPS, and How is it Calculated on the NPS Calculator?

Save & Invest

The Government of India has implemented NPS, a pension savings and investment program. The PFRDA oversees and controls this program. 

NPS provides financial stability for Indian retirees. It gives citizens various secure market-based choices for saving for the future. This is open to all employees in the private and public sectors. In the NPS scheme, people can make a minimal addition of Rs. 6,000 in a financial year. This can be paid all at once or at a minimum of Rs. 500.

The money people pay to the scheme is invested in debt and stocks. The rate of return depends on how well these investments do. NPS’ interest rate is between 8% and 10%. Anyone can calculate their lump sum NPS amount on the NPS calculator.

NPS provides two sorts of accounts, called Tier-I and Tier-II. The retirement account drawing limit is called a Tier-I account. Tier-II is an opt-in account that allows for easy deposits and drawings. 

After three years of opening an account, the subscriber can take out up to 25% of their amount from NPS. These funds can be used for high-level purchases like 

  • buying a home, 
  • paying for a child’s education, or 
  • treating a severe illness.

Elements of NPS

Here are some of the most crucial aspects of the NPS:

  • NPS invests some of its funds in stocks and bonds.
  • The scheme offers annual rates of return between 9% and 12%.
  • If a person is unsatisfied with the fund’s performance, they may replace the fund management.
  • Section 80C of the Income Tax Act allows for a deduction in NPS of up to Rs. 1.5 million.
  • Tier-I accounts must put in a minimum of Rs. 6,000 every year, in addition to a minimum one-time deposit of Rs. 500. Tier-II account holders must add an annual minimum of Rs. 2,000 and a past minimum of Rs. 250.
  • After retirement, one cannot withdraw the whole amount from NPS.
  • After retirement, you may only take 60% of the cash from the NPS account. The balance amount of 40% is deposited in the pension plan to acquire a monthly income.
  • An NPS account may be created either online or offline.
  • You may withdraw up to three times per five years during the term.
  • After three straight years of holding an NPS account, one may withdraw up to 25% of the collected money.

Eligibility For The NPS Scheme

  • Any Indian citizen can open an NPS account.
  • The age of the applicant must be between 18 to 60.
  • The applicant must meet all KYC regulations.
  • The applicant should not already have an NPS account.

Setting Up A NPS Account 

It is possible to create an NPS account with the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority online or offline. You may join the NPS scheme using either the eNPS internet portal or the paper-based offline method.

Use of NPS Calculator

Subscribers can use the NPS calculator to determine their provisional lump-sum payment and pension amount. With the NPS calculator, you may determine how much money needs to be invested in an NPS plan and how close you are to reaching your financial objectives. 

The formula considers the following:

  • Monthly payment amount
  • The projected rate of return on investment
  • A portion of the corpus used to buy the annuity
  • The estimated rate of return on the annuity

People get confused between the NPS calculator and the RD calculator a lot. They are different as the RD calculator is only used to find interest and maturity you will earn via a recurring deposit. 

How Does The NPS Calculator Work?

Follow these easy steps for using the NPS calculator:

Step 1: Put in the amount you want to invest each month.

Step 2: Type in your current age. 

Step 3: Select the expected rate of return and get the results immediately.

Do note that the NPS calculator only gives you a rough idea of how much your pension will be. NPS calculator does not give you exact numbers. You can easily access and use NPS calculator online for free.

Withdrawing From Your NPS Account

At 60, retirees may start taking their money out of their NPS accounts. NPS allows for early withdrawals under specific circumstances. Let’s take a look at how NPS funds may be withdrawn.

  • Withdrawal at Age 60

If the plan matures in 60 years, users can withdraw 60% of the accrued corpus from their NPS account. 

The remaining 40% will be utilised to buy an annuity. Subscribers must provide the aggregator with the withdrawal details and bank account. The aggregator uploads these details to the CRA system for processing.

  • Withdrawing Before Age 60

After 3 years from the account’s opening, partial withdrawals are allowed. Each member may withdraw up to 25% of their entire portion. 

Withdrawings made before their scheduled time are only permitted in specific situations. These situations include paying for: 

  • a child’s education, 
  • buying a home, or 
  • treatment for severe health issues.

At any point during the term, subscribers may request a withdrawal, with 3 requests permitted in 5 years of tenure. Tier I accounts are the only ones for whom these guidelines apply; Tier II accounts are not affected in any way.

  • Withdrawal Upon Subscriber’s Death

In the unfortunate event of the death of a subscriber, the entire corpus will be paid out to the designated beneficiary or their heirs. The beneficiary or legal heir must contact the aggregator to request the drawing of funds. 

They should provide the required documents, such as: 

  • the beneficiary’s or legal heir’s identification, 
  • a death certificate, etc.


NPS is one of the safest investment modes, especially for senior citizens. You may want to invest in NPS if its regulations and perks fit your risk tolerance and investment goals. Between 18 and 60, you can open an NPS account and start investing. You can calculate your lump sum amount of NPS onthe NPS calculator. To get more information on financial calculators, credit cards and personal loans, visit Piramal Finance.