General Insurance

What Is Life Insurance Policy And How Does It Work In India?


Most people will tell you that life insurance is a plan that gives funds to your family when you die. If you ask them to define big policy features, policy kinds provided, and how they operate, they will most likely try to change the topic. A life insurance policy requires you to pay premiums for the duration of the policy. In turn, the provider offers you complete life insurance. 

Life insurance covers the future of your dear ones with a lump sum payment. This is known as the death benefit when an awful event happens. Some life insurance plans provide a Maturity Benefit at the end of a policy span.

What exactly is Life Insurance Policy, & what are its vital features?

A life insurance policy is a contract between an insurance firm and you. All life insurance policies are unique, as are the rules governing insurance plans in each state. In general, many insurance contracts offer the following:

  • The insurer

Life insurance may only be offered by selected firms, which are governed by state insurance offices.

  • The policyholder

A person or groups like a family trust or a firm that owns (or “hosts”) the insurance. The policy might cover the holder or the other person.

  • The insured

The person whose life is protected.

  • The death benefit

The sum that the insurance company will pay if the insured dies.

  • The winners

The persons or entities who will get the death benefit. It may all go to one person or be shared in portions with many different persons and groups.

  • The policy’s duration

The time during which the insurer accepts to give a death payout. This may be a fixed term or permanent insurance that lasts for the insured’s entire life as long as payments are paid.

  • The premium

Monthly or annual payments are required to retain the coverage in force.

  • The monetary worth

Permanent life insurance products, like full life insurance, contain a cash value factor that grows over time and may be paid out or lent upon. The term policy has no financial worth.

How does a Life Insurance Policy function?

Life insurance is a legal deal in which you pay money as a premium in exchange for insuring a huge safe sum. In the event of your tragic death, the insurer will pay a large sum to your family and dependents.

Life insurance is usually only offered for a short time. Thus, if you die within this time frame, you are entitled to a death payment, also known as the amount covered. Yet, if you survive the time, you may be liable for a maturity bonus based on the kind of death benefit. On the other hand, whole life insurance policies are more inclined to pay the life insurance than the maturity benefit.

Life Insurance Plans’ Advantages

Life insurance policies are long-term investing and security plans that offer a range of benefits. Some of the key perks of life insurance policies are:

  1. Financial Safety

A key advantage of every life insurance policy is that it gives financial stability to your family. A death benefit is offered in most life insurance plans. If you die within the policy’s term, your family members get a predetermined sum known as the sum insured. This assures that your families are fiscally secure even when you are not around.

  1. Forms a Savings Habit

To make your life insurance coverage valid, you must pay regular sums called premiums. Your coverage may be revoked if you do not pay your premiums. Thus, by saving regularly, you instil a savings habit that will benefit you in the long term.

  1. Adds to Tax Savings

The government has made various investment products tax-deductible to encourage saving and investing. One such tool is life insurance. Under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act of 1961, you may claim a tax credit of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh for the premiums you make in a year. As a result, you may benefit from both investment and tax savings.

  1. Reach Big Monetary Targets

Most life insurance plans gain monetary value as time passes. Life insurance plans, such as ULIPs, have an investing part too. Your premium is put in tradable assets and gets a return. They grow over time into a vast corpus that may be utilised to fulfil aims such as your kid’s schooling, marriage, and so on.

  1. Wealth Safety and Sharing

Life insurance policies are among the most secure long-term investment prospects. Thus, having life insurance means you may protect your money from taxation and inflation for a long period. This aspect means that a life insurance policy is a good tool for retired people to create long-term pensions.

How To Pick An Insurance That Meets Your Demands

A fact that you must know about the death benefit: the more time you wait to get it, the more costly it gets. Don’t put things off. If you can get a life insurance policy via your job, that’s a good place to begin. Life insurance is among the most vital monetary investments you can make. And, it’s worth your time to study all your choices to pick the best policy that best meets your needs. Talk to a financial expert you trust about your concerns. You may also receive an online rate using term life insurance calculators.

If you are a salaried employee, taking benefit of your workplace perks may be a wise and cost-effective way to collect the financial security you need for yourself and your family. Call your human resources office to check your plan info and see how much death benefit you have offered to you. 


The cost of life insurance policy is set by your beneficiary’s monthly wages and outlays. You must assess your assets as well as your financial aims. It needs a full self-assessment of retirement assets and life aims. Experts recommend that you get a life insurance policy that is at least ten times your annual income. 

You may be certain that you have proper life cover for yourself and your heirs. You may be in danger if you do not get the right insurance policy. You can pay premiums that are within your budget. Before making a choice, check your current financial status.

If you want to learn more about life insurance policies, visit Piramal Finance for related blogs and also explore their products and services.