What is Commodity Trading? Types of Commodity Trading

Personal Finance

Commodity trading is the act of buying and selling goods. It also means trading things that are made from those commodities. Wheat, gold, and crude oil are some examples.

When you trade, buying commodities may be a great way to make your portfolio more diverse. If you are interested in the commodities market, you should know how it works.

Types of Commodities 

There are now fifty major commodity exchanges all over the world. They sell more than a hundred different things. Traders and investors can put their money in one of four main types of commodities:


Metals are used in the industry. They are used to make consumer goods and many other things. Metals like nickel, copper, and aluminum are used in factories and buildings. Gold, silver, and platinum are never used in this way.

Energy Commodities

These are the most important raw materials used by businesses and homes. The energy group also has ethanol, coal, electricity, and uranium.

Agricultural Commodities 

Since agricultural goods are always in demand, you should focus on them when you buy or sell things online. These include cereals, sugar, oilseeds, cocoa, pulses, cattle, and more.

Environmental Commodities

In this category, you’ll find product certifications and clean energy sources. It also includes things that are good for the environment.

Pros of Participating in the Commodities Market

Future Gains

There aren’t many things that change the prices of goods, but supply and demand, inflation, and the state of the economy are a few. Prices in the commodities market are affected by how much people want to buy goods. It can come from building big things all over the world. The prices of commodities go up when the stock prices of companies that trade in commodities go up.

A Competition Against Inflation

The price of goods is one thing that might go up because of inflation. Most investments are safer than commodities, but when inflation is high, commodities do well.

Multiple Investment Options

A well-balanced investment strategy is what people mean when they say “diversified investment portfolio.” Putting money into the commodities market is a good way to keep it safe. Raw materials are a good choice if you want to put your money somewhere other than the stock market or bond market.

Profitable Results for Investors

When liquidity goes up, investments in commodities become riskier. It means that companies can have times when they do very well and times when they do badly.

Ability to Withstand Market Disruptions

If the rupee’s value goes down, you need the money to buy things on the commodities market. Investors get rid of their stocks and bonds when prices go up and put their money into commodities. These things will make money.

Reduced Margin Trading

Most of the time, margin requirements are between 5 and 10% of the contract’s total value. Compared to other ways to invest money, this is small. When margins are low, investors may be willing to take on more risk with the same amount of cash.

Characteristics of the Commodities Market

Demand & Supply

Commodity prices fluctuate in response to changes in the commodities market. These prices may rise and fall depending on supply in the market. 

Inverse Relation

There is a negative correlation between commodities and the stock and bond markets. Stock and bond values tend to decline when commodity costs increase.

Inflation Hedge

Top commodities like silver, gold, crude oil, etc., tend to increase in value over time. This makes investing in the commodities market an excellent strategy for growing inflation. Ensuring the compound growth of capital over time helps investors improve their wealth.


Commodities make a portfolio very diverse. This is because their value goes down when other asset classes go up. Investors can protect their portfolios from the bad effects of market consolidation and volatility by buying and selling commodities.

Margin Trading

Hedge funds and people who bet on the market may benefit from its volatility. To do this, they can work with commodity brokers like IIFL. The margins for these brokers are lower than those for stocks and bonds.

Trading and Investing in the Commodities Market

Depending on the type of commodity being traded, there are many ways for investors to invest in the market. Since things can be seen and touched, there are four main ways to invest in this sector.

  • Direct Investment: Putting money straight into the commodities market
  • Futures Contracts: Futures contracts are a way to guess what the price of an item will be. 
  • Commodity ETFs: Exchange-traded funds are a way to invest in commodities. 
  • Commodity Shares: Commodity shares are investments in the stock of companies that make or sell goods. 

Commodity Market Participants 

Investors in the commodities market may be roughly divided into two broad categories. They are as follows:


Manufacturers, producers, and anyone else in the commodity’s supply chain can protect themselves against price changes. One way to do this is to buy futures contracts. Hedging is done to protect the seller from losing money.


Traders are in the real world. They keep track of commodity prices to predict how they will move. Speculators think the commodity will go up. They purchase contracts with the intention of reselling them for a profit later.


A reputable broker has a good name and a lot of experience. Think about how quickly the customer service team answers questions and how good the investment advice is. Try to find ways to handle clear margins. A good broker will help a person get a good start in the commodities market.

Before you sign up, ask the broker what live platforms they use. The best thing for investors who have never done this before is to see how it works. For more details and similar blogs, you can visit Piramal Finance.