Personal Loan

What Is Collateral Loan? : All About Its Features And Benefits


Loans obtained from a financial institution on the condition that an asset is pledged as security for the loan are known as secured loans or “collateral loans.” Most common types of bank loans need collateral. Here, borrowers are expected to provide some security for the loan. 

Lenders may reduce the likelihood of a loan going bad by keeping the borrower’s collateral, an item that the borrower puts up as security against the loan. If the lender suffers a loss, they could decide to sell the deposit instead.

What does “collateral loan” mean?

There are two primary categories of loans available from most financial institutions, including banks and non-bank financial firms (NBFCs), which are secured and unsecured loans. One sort of secured loan is known as a collateral loan

In this, the borrower must provide an asset in return for the money for the loan. If the borrower does not repay the debt, the lender can sell the collateral to recoup their losses.

Types of collateral loans

In most cases, the sort of loan you are applying for will dictate the kind of collateral you must put up. Your home will serve as the loan’s security if you take out a mortgage. When you take out a loan for a car, the vehicle itself acts as the security for the loan. 

Lenders often accept vehicles, bank deposits, and investment accounts as collateral. It is unusual for someone to utilize their retirement account as collateral.

A guarantee to repay a very short-term loan with the borrower’s next salary may serve as collateral for very short-term loans of any kind, not only those offered by payday lenders. You may get these loans via traditional banking institutions, but the terms of these loans often do not extend beyond a few weeks. 

You should only take out one of these loans if it is an absolute need, and you should check into the interest rates and conditions of the loan before doing so.

The best option for collateral providers

The borrower is required to provide security for the collateral loan as an investment. The value of the collateral must be more than or equal to the amount of the loan. 

If you need a personal loan and want to utilize the money in your savings account as collateral, the ideal place to turn for assistance would be the bank or credit union you currently work with. If you have a lengthy banking history with the same bank, the bank is more likely to accept your loan and offer you a decent interest rate.

Collateral and collateral-free loans in-depth

The term “collateral-free” refers to a loan that does not need a guarantor, security, or any other physical value to be used as collateral. This loan does not require you to put anything you own up as collateral to get it. 

The capacity of the borrower to repay the loan serves as the primary security for unsecured business loans. To do this, consideration is given to the borrower’s revenue and the cash flow and overall health of the company.

To begin, let’s address the most fundamental inquiry: what exactly is meant by the term “collateral”? You can get financing if you are willing to “collateralize” your loan application by providing an asset with an established value. 

Real estate, land, equipment, shares, stocks, and automobiles are all acceptable forms of collateral when applying for a loan. If the borrower fails to repay the Loan, the lender has the right to seize any collateral provided and sell it to recoup their losses.

You can acquire the money you need without putting anything of value up as collateral if you take up a loan that doesn’t require collateral. Loans that do not need collateral may be used for any purpose, including investing in a company or making changes to one’s house. 

Paying for things like college tuition, unexpected medical expenses, or even a wedding with a loan that does not need collateral is an option. Most loans given to businesses do not need any collateral. Cash Credit and Term Loans under CGTMSE are two examples of well-liked loans that don’t require collateral.

Loans without collateral are available for micro and small companies (also known as MSEs) up to Rs 1 crore via the CGTMSE. Because it’s possible that India’s small and medium-sized firms would need assistance, this strategy was developed. 

Long-term issues with finance, growth prospects, the need for working capital, and the difficulty that enterprises in this area have in expanding their operations are all factors. The Indian government and the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) collaborated to create this loan program to assist small and medium-sized enterprises in the country.

Features of a collateral loan

  • According to the MSMED Act of 2006, the maximum loan amount is two crores of rupees (Rs 1 crore for retail businesses).
  • There is a possibility of borrowing for much higher sums. However, you must provide security for more than one crore rupee loan. Plant and equipment, land, or any other property related to the borrower’s company might be used as collateral.
  • Collateral loans are available to micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that are either just starting or are already operational.
  • The money obtained via these loans might be used to satisfy immediate and long-term financial requirements. Guarantee Cover of 75%, 80%, or 85% is required, depending on the kind of Loan being taken out.
  • The coverage of loans is ineligible for use by small and medium-sized companies (SHMS) and establishments that instruct individuals on how to do their tasks.
  • It encompasses businesses not only engaged in producing goods but also those engaged in providing services.

The fact that you are not required to provide any security for the loan is the primary advantage of getting one that does not need collateral. 

More benefits of collateral loans

  • The federal government partially subsidizes the interest rates on these loans.
  • The payment periods are flexible and may continue for five years.
  • Getting an additional 180 days is possible by using a letter of credit or bill discounting.
  • It doesn’t matter your credit history since you will still be approved for this loan.
  • There is also funding available for doing research and manufacturing innovative goods.
  • Processing applications is a breeze and may be done in a short amount of time.

This was a summary of collateral loans and the benefits they provide. For more info about collateral loans, or if you are looking for an instant personal loan, visit Piramal Finance.