Business Loan

What is a Commercial Loan and How Do Commercial Loans Work


All firms need money to run. But, many may not have the funds to pay these costs. Commercial loans are a useful source of capital for firms. 

A commercial loan is a debt-based finance. A firm borrows money from a bank or creditor. Let us look more closely at what a commercial loan is and how it is employed in a corporation.

What Exactly is a Commercial Loan?

A commercial loan is a short-term loan that is used to boost a firm’s cash flow as well as pay for major spending and running costs. It is funding used by small firms when they want capital but cannot afford to seek it via the bond and stock markets. 

Banks and other financial firms approve commercial loans based on the debtor’s cash flows and credit score.

Why Do You Require Commercial Loans?

You may need finances for any of the reasons listed below:

  • A business loan might assist you in buying the proper tools, such as heavy machinery or desk PCs. In contrast, the lender may use the bought goods as assets without needing extra security. 
  • Firms with a strong market position may go to the next step: company growth. You will need cash for the firm’s growth, and commercial loans may assist. Owners might also think about extending into the new target industry or geographic area. 
  • Working capital is the basis of every successful firm, whether it is micro, tiny, medium, or large. Firms that are having problems handling working capital might use a commercial loan to avoid the financial effects.  

What is the Process of Getting a Commercial Loan?

Lending firms offer commercial loans to firms to assist them in meeting short-term capital needs like working capital, operations, and equipment.

In most contexts, commercial debt works closely with typical business loans. It means that the lender must repay the loan sum plus interest in a selected time frame. For these sorts of loans, banks often have a set of rules as well as conditions and terms in place.

Commercial Loan Features and Advantages

Commercial loans have the following features:

  • Short-term loans (less than 12 months), medium-term debts (12 months to 36 months), and long-term loans (more than 36 months) are the three types of commercial loans. 
  • They are classified as secured (collateral is required) or unsecured loans. Due to the collateral, secured loans have lower interest rates than unsecured loans. 
  • Commercial loans are not issued to single clients. They are given to firms. 
  • Fixed or adjustable interest rates are offered for commercial loans. If a firm picks a fixed interest rate, it will remain constant during the term. If the rate of interest is floating, it will vary in response to market developments.
  • Getting a business loan is simple, with cheap interest rates, quick payments, and an enhanced credit rating. 

Commercial Loan Eligibility

Different commercial lending systems have different rules for offering commercial loans. The following are a few of the key parameters:

  • In India, sole owners, self-employed experts, partnership businesses, private limited firms, and public limited firms can all get commercial loans.
  • Lenders must be Indian nationals between the ages of 21 and 65.
  • Firms must have steady income, a high annual turnover, and make at least the minimum amount of money they need to make each year.
  • The firm must have been in operation for at least a year. 

Papers Required for a Commercial Loan 

When asking for a commercial loan, your firm must present the lender with particular papers. The documents may differ based on the lender.

However, the vital papers are:

  • GST/VAT reports from a certain period or the firm’s PAN card 
  • Proof of continued operation
  • A completed application form
  • Income reports from a certain period

How Do You Apply for a Commercial Loan?

In recent years, getting a loan has become fairly simple and rapid. If you complete the paperwork and match the qualifying standards, the funds will be paid to your account in a few days.

Both offline and online loan requests are accepted.

  • Visit the lender’s site.
  • Tap on “Apply Now”.
  • Fill out the relevant information.
  • The lender will get in touch with you.
  • For an offline loan request, bring the needed papers to the lender. They will check them and ask you to fill out a form. After verification, the loan sum will be paid within a few days. 

What is a Commercial Loan EMI Calculator?

A commercial loan EMI calculator is a unique calculator that you must use to figure out how much you must pay to your bank each month. 

Suppose you get a loan of Rs. 1,00,000/- for two years at a rate of 14%. Based on this information, you must pay a total of Rs. 1,15,230/-, along with the 2% processing charge.

The EMI will now be calculated as follows:

EMI = L.i. (1+i) n / {(1+i) n – 1}

  • P denotes the total loan sum.
  • I = Interest rate
  • n = The loan’s term 

The method mentioned above is employed in the commercial loans EMI calculator. The interest sum is computed each month as the main sum decreases.


Most local credit unions or banks that provide automobile loans also provide money for small businesses. And some of the best rates will come from local businesses that want you to succeed. After all, if your company thrives, it will benefit the entire community.

However, because many credit unions and banks are unwilling to issue commercial loans, internet lenders are an excellent alternative if you are unable to obtain a loan through a bank. Online lenders have substantially greater success rates for small-business loans than banks. However, it is still a good idea to check with a local bank first to see if lower rates are available.

Whatever lender you choose, be sure you do your homework. You should have a good idea of what loan you want, how much money you need, and what monthly payment your firm can afford.

If you’re still perplexed about commercial loan EMI calculators, go to Piramal Finance and look through their products and services.