Personal Loan

What is a Collateral Loan and How to Apply for One in India?


Getting a loan is often much easier if you’re willing to give up some form of collateral, such as your house, vehicle, or your dad’s Rolex. Loans with collateral help secure the cash you’re lending and may result in cheaper interest rates. If you fail to pay your debt, a collateral loan may result in the loss of a valued asset. When you need money for a big buy, it may be easy to max out your credit card. So, if your score isn’t perfect, you have choices that are less likely to hurt your credit or trap you in a debt cycle. Collateral loans may be a valid choice for lending funds. This is how they work.

What Exactly Are Collateral Loans?

A debt from a bank or a fiscal firm is classified as either a secured or unsecured loan. You may secure the debt by offering anything of huge value if you fail; this is known as collateral. An unsecured loan is one in which you take funds with no collateral to secure it.

A collateral loan may have a lower rate of interest or a higher loan sum than an unsecured loan, such as a credit card. In a few cases, it could be the only debt option open to a person with a short or uneven credit history.

What is the Process for Getting Collateral Loans?

You should expect more relevant lending terms with a secured loan rather than an unsecured loan. It may entail a cheaper interest rate, a greater loan sum, or a loan period that is longer.

When approving you for the collateral loan, the bank will assess the value of your collateral. To do so, they will take into account the fair market value of your assets or, in the event of a debt, the estimated value of your assets. They will then decide the sum of your debt by giving you a percentage of the cost of your collateral. A bank, for example, would weigh aspects such as the prospective resale worth of the property you’re buying, as well as the nearby community, when making a loan choice.

The loan-to-value ratio that a bank will assign to your loan when you obtain a debt reflects the value of your collateral. In general, the greater your LTV, the higher your interest and closing fees will be. You will also need a larger down payment. When your LTV equals 80%, you know your bank is ready to give you a large sum of funds, but you’ll have to pay the rest, 20%, out of your own pocket.

How to Get a Collateral Loan

If you feel a collateral loan is the right choice for you, make sure you get it by doing the following steps:

  • Examine your credit

Even if your credit isn’t perfect, getting a loan with assets may help you get accepted. Yet, it is still vital to ensure that your credit is as strong as it can be to get the best collateral debt rate and payback terms. Your credit reports are given for free. When you apply for a loan, review them for faults or bad marks that you’ll need to correct.

  • Select your assets

If you apply for a house or vehicle loan, the asset you’re funding will serve as collateral. However, you have choices if you take out a secured personal loan. Assess what assets you have to secure your loan. Choose liquid and readily available assets, such as money in a bank account.

  • Collect your papers

When you’re about to apply, it’s a good idea to collect all necessary paperwork and data ahead of time. Personal information is one kind of data you may be asked for.

  • Look for the best asset lending interest rates

Before starting the whole application procedure, it is essential to get quotations from various lenders and check collateral loan rates & terms. You can get rates quickly online, which usually only require a light credit check and have no effect on your score.

  • Select a lender and apply

Once you’ve found an offer that meets your budget and requirements, you can begin the application process. It is important to understand that formally asking for a loan will lead to a hard credit check, which will be recorded on your credit scores. It should, however, have a transient and minor influence on your credit score.

Where Can You Obtain Collateralized Loans?

  • Banks

If you already have a bank account, you may be ready to get cash the same day you enroll or the following working day. When it comes to vehicle loans, though, keep an eye out for any limits on the brand, model, mileage, or year of the car you want to purchase.

  • Credit cooperatives

To qualify, you’ll most likely have to be a client of the credit union, although rates are often cheaper than bank rates.

  • Lenders on the internet

Many internet lenders only offer unsecured loans, and you might have to apply for one before seeing a secured loan choice.

  • Automobile dealerships

Typically, automakers provide loans on new vehicle purchases through their dealerships. Rates are often comparable to those given by banks and credit unions, but you must have excellent credit to qualify for the best rate.


Collateral loans are risky since you may lose the asset used to secure the loan if you fail to make payments. On the other hand, a collateral loan might be well worth it if you’re in good financial standing. A loan secured by collateral mitigates some risk by allowing for cheaper interest rates and fees. In the long term, this may save you a lot of money. And if you are still confused about secured and unsecured loans, visit Piramal Finance and explore the products and services.