Personal Loan

What is a Collateral Loan and How it Works


When you are willing to offer some kind of collateral, which means security, getting a loan can be much easier. With possible lower interest rates, collateral loans help secure the amount you’re taking. If you take out a collateral loan and can’t pay it back, you risk losing a useful asset.

But how does a secured loan work? Read on to know how lenders assess the worth of your collateral to figure out the value of your loan.

What Are Collateral Loans?

A collateral loan is also known as a secured loan. It means that the loans are secured by the assets you own. Also, if you fail to repay your loan, the lender can take the collateral. It doesn’t matter if it’s a car or a home. 

Collateral loans may have a higher loan amount as compared to an unsecured loan, such as a credit card. Collateral loans may have a lower interest rate compared to an unsecured loan. When your credit history is unstable or your income is not enough to qualify for an unsecured loan, this may be your only available loan option.

There are several kinds of secured loans. For example, your mortgage is a secured loan. If you will not pay your monthly funds and are not able to reach a fair settlement with the lender, you can lose your home if you have kept your home as a security. 

How Does a Collateral Loan Work? 

You can hope for better loan terms with collateral loans in comparison to unsecured loans. This can be a larger loan amount, a reduced interest rate, or a loan term that is longer.

Before approving a secured loan, a lender will measure the value of your collateral. To do so, they will evaluate the market value of your asset. In the case of a mortgage, they will consider the market price of the home. Then, they will calculate the extent of the loan by giving you a ratio of the cost of the collateral. The lender will take some factors into account. It includes the possible resale value of the home you’re assuming and the nearby area when making a mortgage decision.

By using a mortgage, a lender will provide a loan-to-value ratio (LTV) to the loan. It shows the value of the collateral. You can usually expect to pay higher closing costs and more interest charges with a higher LTV. Also, you will need a higher down payment. Suppose your LTV is 80%. In this case, you will know that the lender is prepared to give you a large amount of money. But, you will still be responsible for paying the rest, 20%, from your pocket.

What Can Be Given as Collateral? 

You may use the following items as security for collateral loans: 

  • Vehicles: A machine or a vehicle is viewed as a movable asset. Movable items with a high resale value can be used as collateral for loans. To get a loan against a movable asset, a lender may demand that the person give the actual item to the lender. 
  • Gold and other valuables: Since gold is valuable, it is suitable as security for secured debt loans. So, gold bars, coins, and jewelry can be used as collateral. Apart from gold, other valuable items like antiques and works of art can be used as collateral for loans.  
  • Property or Land: The most typical type of collateral is real estate, such as land or property. Financial firms can use your house or a large plot of land as collateral to lend money to you.
  • Personal investments: You may also use your personal investments as collateral. Bonds, stocks, and mutual funds are included. A bank or an NBFC may offer a collateral loan in exchange for the use of sovereign gold bonds as security. 

The Process to Get a Collateral Loan

If you think a collateral loan is the right choice, you can get it approved by following these points:

Check your credit

Even if your credit isn’t perfect, getting a loan with assets may help you get accepted. Yet, it is still vital to ensure that your credit is as strong as it can be to get the best collateral debt rate and payback terms. Your credit reports are given for free. When you apply for a loan, review them for faults or bad marks that you’ll need to correct.

Select your assets

If you apply for a house or vehicle loan, the asset you’re funding will serve as collateral. However, you have choices if you take out a secured personal loan. Assess what assets you have to secure your loan. Choose liquid and readily available assets, such as money in a bank account.

Collect your papers

When you’re about to apply, it’s a good idea to collect all necessary paperwork and data ahead of time. Personal information is one kind of data you may be asked for.

Look for the best asset lending interest rates

Before starting the whole application procedure, it is essential to get quotations from various lenders and check collateral loan rates & terms. You can get rates quickly online, which usually only require a light credit check and have no effect on your score.

Select a lender and apply

Once you’ve found an offer that meets your budget and requirements, you can begin the application process. It is important to understand that formally asking for a loan will lead to a hard credit check, which will be recorded on your credit scores. It should have a minor influence on your credit score.

Benefits of Using Collateral 

The benefits of using collateral are given below:

  • For many people, giving collateral to get a secured loan can be a great choice. This is highly crucial if your credit score is fair or low because using collateral can increase your chances of getting a loan. It also helps you get a larger loan amount. 
  • Collateral can also allow you to lower your overall interest costs. This is because a secured loan carries less risk for the lender than an unsecured one. It makes them more likely to lower the interest rate they charge you.


Secured loans have become a lifeline in times of need. This loan can be used to cover emergency expenses as well as fund corporations and expansion plans. You can now easily apply for a low-interest collateral loan online thanks to advancements in technology.

For more information, you can visit the Piramal Finance website and explore their products and services. Read various informational blogs posted by them.