What Are the Types of Taxable and Non-Taxable Income?


Unless the rules specify otherwise, any money you receive is taxed. According to the IRS, taxable income covers both earned income, such as wages, and money received from trading or the trade of goods or services. Like other unearned income, such as taxes, rental income is levied on profits, interest, and Social Security.

People getting a salary and other forms of income are taxed differently. You gain from e-filing your income taxes. However, you must still report the pay earnings in a form, either online or offline, to submit the returns, and knowledge of income granted by bosses to cover many costs might be helpful when filing the returns.

Let’s now learn more about taxable and non-taxable income definitions and types.

What is Taxable Income?

Taxable income is any payment a person or firm receives to calculate tax duties. The total income amount, also known as gross income, is used to compute how much the person or firm owes the state for taxes.

One thing to keep in mind about taxable income is that it covers not just pay but also other types of salary, such as bonuses, permits, sales, and capital gains. Let’s know about them in brief.

Types of Taxable Income

Here are the types of taxable income:

  • Gains on Capital

These gains are income created by assets you own. It involves selling real estate, bonds, and stocks, among other things.

  • Firm/Sales Profits

You must declare any money earned from specific firms and investments. This includes any rental money from assets that you own. The rental tasks you receive are the same whether they are the result of a business or if you earn them for profit. Keep in mind that you may be able to report the rental expenses, which may offset the money you get.

  • Profits from Partnerships

The IRS does not tax these firms. Still, all revenue, deductions, and losses derived from them are passed on through partners. As a result, the partnership pays no taxes. You must report any pass-throughs on your yearly tax return if you are a partner. This must happen, although the pass-through does not directly relate to you.

  • Profit on Investments

This income is taxed. Taxable income includes earnings from a fixed deposit, bonds, debenture interest, dividend income, and rental income from real estate.

  • Many Taxable Earnings

This includes alimony, pensions earned after the loss of a pensioner, income from hobbies, gambling, and lottery gains, and profits from winning in game shows, among other things.

  • Employee perks

This type includes earnings from the boss. Salaries, wages, pensions, bonuses, perks, and so on are all included.

What is Non-Taxable Income?

Tax-free or non-taxable income is income you get that is not taxable. If you receive taxable income, be ready to pay both federal and state taxes based on where you reside. The following are the five principal types of earnings that are tax-exempt:

Types of Non-Taxable Income

These are the types of non-taxable income:

  • Agricultural Earnings

This income is exempt from income tax under Section 10(1) of the Income Tax Act. People and HUFs, on the other hand, have an income that exceeds Rs. 5,000 added to the total income. This is done only to know the slab rate that will apply to the people’s other income. Other income, in this sense, refers to money derived from sources other than agriculture. As a result, agricultural income is not taxed, although disclosing the revenue raises the total income tax rate.

  • Gifts

Marriage gifts are excluded from income tax. Gifts from close family and relatives are likewise tax-free. Property tax given as a gift is also exempt.

  • Child Support

If you get child support payments, these are non-taxable income and shouldn’t be included with your taxes.

  • Study Allowance

It is tax-free if you get money to help pay for your education.

  • Bonds and Certificates

The interest generated on the tax-free investment bonds is tax-free.

  • Other Sources of Income

Other non-taxable income sources include leave and travel allowances, housing rent allowances, interest earned on savings bank accounts, and leave paid to retiring federal and state workers.

Distinction Between Taxable and Non-taxable Income?

  • The Internal Revenue Code defines taxable income as gross income with fewer deductions. 
  • Gross income is the total amount of money collected from all sources. This implies that you pay taxes on sources other than your salary, such as investments. 
  • Since the IRS is unconcerned with how you receive your money, taxable income is vast. You must pay taxes even if your firm is unlawful. 
  • However, the IRS considers other forms of income to be nontaxable. The agency will not tax the clearly defined non-taxable income. That is why you need not be concerned about including it in your tax filings. 
  • Knowing non-taxable versus taxable income is one of the most vital aspects of taxes. You’ll find the process simpler if you’re also aware of the changes to watch out for while paying taxes. 
  • It would be helpful to learn about many sorts of taxable and non-taxable incomes, whether you pay taxes as an individual or as a firm.


Income is any payment you make in exchange for offering a service. Without a doubt, money is the most common kind. But most people are unaware you have other income sources, such as in-kind goods and services. And also, these are all taxes. Learning what to include will help you file your taxes with ease. Use the tips and advice above to make sure that you assess and disclose your taxable income to prevent any issues. 

And if you are still confused about your taxable and non-taxable income, visit Piramal Finance and explore the products and services.