Most firms have periods of poor income at least once a year. These firms must prepare to cover the day-to-day expenditures, pay the staff, and, most importantly, remain ahead of competitors, whether it’s due to seasonal demand variations or the weather.
A working capital loan or commercial loan, a financing solution meant for short-term concerns, is one approach for firm owners to address this issue. However, it might be challenging to grasp what you’re getting yourself into if you’re new to this form of finance, mainly if this is your first time seeking a loan for your firm.
If you’ve been wondering, “What is a working capital loan?” you won’t have to for long. Continue reading to learn all you need to obtain a working capital loan.
What is a working capital loan?
As the name suggests, these loans fund a firm’s daily operations. Working capital loans often have shorter terms than long-term firm loans, often from six to twenty-four months. Firms do not invest in the long-term assets of the firm. Instead, satisfying urgent demands is the primary goal of working capital loans.
Here’s a quick recap of how cash flow loans function. Consider a sessional firm like a fireworks seller. The seller makes the bulk of the sales over the holiday season. But one of the slower times of the year occurs just before the holiday season starts. As a result, it’s conceivable that surplus cash stocks would run dry before the busy season begins. The current difficulty is collecting money so the seller can buy a lot of stock to meet rising demand during the busiest season.
Working capital loans can be helpful in this situation. The fireworks retailer can buy goods in time for the holiday season by taking out a working capital loan. After the holiday season, the firm can rapidly repay the loan because it has more cash on hand.
Types of Working Capital Loans
- Tool Loan
As the name implies, this loan is designed to support firms in purchasing new tools or machines. Such a loan normally contains an end-use restriction, which means you can’t use the money for anything other than buying tools.
- Bill Reduction
Many firms utilise bill discounting to fund diverse working capital needs. You may use this option to discharge the funds in outstanding invoices ahead of the maturity dates.
You must submit your outstanding invoices to a lender to get this working capital loan. Depending on the worth of your overdue bills, you may then borrow a substantial sum as a cash advance. Leading lenders often provide a 10% discount and the remainder as a loan.
It is a credit line provided by banks to many firms. You may use this service if you have a solid relationship with your bank. An overdraft facility enables you to withdraw money from your account even if the balance is zero, but it is limited to a certain amount. You can simply solve your working capital difficulties with such a line of credit. However, the interest rate on this loan facility is substantially higher than others.
- Loan against a fixed deposit
It’s a secured loan that asks you to put collateral in your FD account. The amount you may borrow as a commercial loan is often a proportion of the outstanding balance on your FD. Furthermore, interest rates on such loans are somewhat higher than FD rates.
Reasons to Get a Working Capital Loan
A commercial loan has nearly limitless applications. It may improve cash flow and pay off utility bills, wages, rent, or stock. The following are some more reasons to get a commercial loan:
1. Immediate repairs
Things fail at the worst possible moments, mainly if you operate a small firm. A commercial loan may relieve money stress by enabling you to repair or replace faulty tools to avoid downtime.
2. Take a perk out of a situation
A commercial loan might assist you in financing a firm opportunity that you should not have to pass up. Opportunities like these might include purchasing products at a reduced cost or purchasing a tool that reduces labour expenditures. Although the perks are long-term, a working capital loan might aid in the immediate term.
3. Seasonal variations
Every firm has peaks and troughs throughout the year. Whether you need a loan for stock, payroll, or other needs at particular periods of the year, knowing the option is accessible is reassuring for firm owners.
4. Promoting the firm’s growth
A commercial loan may aid with a marketing campaign, growth, repair, or anything else that will take your firm to the next level. Unlike loans from banks, this sort of loan has no constraints on how the money may be used.
Firm owners must ensure that adequate funds are available to keep operations running. There may be unforeseen bills sometimes, but a commercial loan can help make things easier. It is critical to have adequate funds to weather idle periods or slow-paying consumers.
What Papers Are Needed to Apply for a Working Capital Loan?
Here are the basic papers needed for a working capital loan:
- Papers for proving one’s identity, age, and address are included in the KYC process. PAN cards, Aadhaar cards, driver’s licences, passports, and others are generally accepted IDs.
- Firms’ registration papers include proof of firm registration, GST registration, partnership agreements, leasing agreements, firm PAN cards, etc.
- For the past six months, the firm’s current account statement
- IT gains for the firm
- Details about any debts
Who Can Get a Working Capital Loan?
The working capital loan is open to any firm providing vital supporting papers. Some lenders may impose different eligibility conditions, such as the need for the firm to have existed for at least six months and a certain amount of turnover.
Working cash is the lifeblood of a firm. Every year, healthy working capital adds to expansion plans. Any misuse of working capital, on the other hand, leads to losses and a decline in the firm. It may be due to a lack of focus from people or a shortage of funds. As a result, the only way to deal with it is to obtain a working capital loan and cover daily expenses. This loan is used to fund daily operations rather than develop the firm. This means that it pays for both human and current capital.
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