Personal Loan

Types of Unsecured Loans Available in India


Unsecured business loans are those that are granted only on the basis of the borrower’s creditworthiness, without the pledge of any collateral as security in case of failure or non-payment of dues. Unsecured loans, also known as personal loans, are given to those who have excellent credit. Variable or fixed interest rates are available for personal loans.

How Do Unsecured Loans Work?

When you apply for an unsecured loan, the lender will often look at your credit report. They do this to see if you have a history of making timely loan payments. The lender will be able to get a better sense of whether or not you will be a responsible customer if you fill this out.

A good credit score of 750 or higher is required for an unsecured loan. Unsecured business loans may be available from some financial institutions, even for those with a poor or nonexistent CIBIL score. Without a good credit history, you may be charged a higher interest rate on a loan. Before deciding whether or not to grant you a loan, a lender may also look into your ability to make repayments.

Types of Unsecured Loans Available in India

Signature loans:

This is the most fundamental form of unsecured credit available today. For this type of loan, “just your signature” means that that is all that is required to get the money. By signing this loan agreement, you promise the lender that you will pay back the full amount of the loan on the due date every time. Signature loans are available from both traditional banks and alternative lenders (NBFCs). This is a loan that may be repaid over time through regular monthly payments until the loan is repaid in full.

Personal loans: 

The most typical form of credit extended on credit terms without collateral is a personal loan. The motivation for applying for a personal loan is irrelevant. Similar to other types of instalment loans, this one is paid back in equal monthly instalments (EMIs) over a certain period of time. Personal loans can be obtained from both traditional banks and non-banking financial companies (NBFCs), both online and in-person.

Education loans: 

A student loan, sometimes known as an education loan, is a loan that can be used to cover the costs of attending an accredited educational institution. The nicest part of student loans is the grace period called a moratorium, during which the borrower is exempt from making any payments. This time frame is also called a grace period, a grace period of time, or a waiting period. Subsidies on interest rates and adaptable repayment schedules are additional benefits for a student application. Borrowers can use the money for any legal school-related cost, such as rent, books, a meal plan, or tuition.

Peer-to-peer loans: 

An alternative lender is the source of this loan rather than a bank or non-bank financial company. A personal or peer loan is an option. Interest on such loans is normally set at a predetermined rate. It’s a less complicated way to get a loan. Peer-to-peer loans have fewer qualifying restrictions. Competitive interest rates are offered for various borrowing options.

Instant loans: 

These loans are usually small and are extended to paid professionals. These loans are also offered by a select few financial institutions to freelance workers. Here, the loan is due when the borrower receives his or her next paycheck. These loans have far higher interest rates than regular bank loans.

Some of the Major Pros of an Unsecured Loan

  • Unsecured business loans often have short repayment periods since they are meant to be used as a stopgap measure in emergency situations. Because of this, the repayment period for such loans is often between 1 and 5 years.
  • Unsecured loans of any kind are issued only on the basis of the borrower’s creditworthiness, and no collateral is required. When making such loans, it is presumed that the borrower’s credit is excellent. Hence, collateral is not necessary.
  • Rates of interest on the best unsecured business loans are not fixed and might fluctuate. This is often based on the requested loan amount, the chosen repayment period, and the applicant’s credit score.
  • Unsecured debts, in contrast to secured loans like mortgages, are not eligible for tax incentives.
  • Disbursement and loan amounts for unsecured loans are more favorable than for secured loans because of the smaller loan amounts and shorter approval and disbursement times. Unsecured business loans are typically taken out in order to cover unexpected but relatively small expenses, such as those associated with house repairs, medical care, etc.
  • Because of this, the loan amount is often lower than, for instance, a mortgage loan. Because they don’t need to be backed by collateral, unsecured loans can be approved and disbursed more quickly than secured loans because applicants need to provide fewer data and documentation.

Things to Consider Before Applying for an Unsecured Loan

  • Loan companies side by side: Before applying for a loan, it’s a good idea to shop around and see what terms other providers are offering. Before committing, it’s a good idea to shop around and see what other discounts there could be.
  • Verify your qualifications: Loan eligibility is determined when you provide information such as your monthly income, preferred loan amount, and employer. It’s possible that this is below or above the target quantity. A loan eligibility calculator is available if you’d like to use it to see if you qualify for a loan.
  • Accurately describe: Don’t ever lie about who you are, how much money you make, or where you work. If your loan application is rejected because of false information, it might have a negative impact on your credit score.
  • Examine one’s credit rating; applicants with scores over 750 may be eligible for better terms in terms of interest rate, loan amount, and loan term. Having a high credit score also increases your chances of receiving pre-approval. You should never apply for unsecured business loans without first checking your credit score.


Unsecured business loans might be a great choice for people who need money quickly. However, more penalties may be imposed in the event of a loan default because of the unsecured nature of the transaction. To avoid unnecessary stress, it’s important to keep one’s financial house in order and to pay bills on time. Consult a financial specialist such as Piramal Finance for customized financing options for company owners and professionals if you have any questions.