Business Loan

Things You Should Know About Secured And Unsecured Business Loans In 2022


If you’re a business owner, you may be considering taking out a loan to help with expenses. But how do you know if you should choose a secured business loan or an unsecured business loan? 

Both types of loans have their pros and cons. A secured business loan may have a lower interest rate, but it also puts your assets at risk. On the contrary, an unsecured business loan doesn’t need collateral. But the interest rate may be higher.

Before you decide which type of loan is right for your business, you must know the difference between secured and unsecured loans. 

Secured business loan

secured business loan is a loan that needs collateral. If the business cannot repay the loan, the lender can seize the collateral to recoup the losses. The most common types of collateral used to secure a business loan are real estate, equipment, inventory, and accounts receivable.

Secured loans are generally easier to obtain than unsecured loans, but they also carry more risk for the borrower. When you avail yourself of a secured business loan, the bank or financial institution providing the loan will keep the ownership deed to the asset. You will get the deed back only once you pay the debt in full. 

Main features of secured business loans

  • Fixed Rate: The interest rate of a secured business loan is fixed and cannot be changed. This provides businesses with certainty in budgeting and financial planning. 
  • Collateral Requirement: Secured loans need collateral to back up the loan. This provides the lender with greater security in case the business is unable to repay the loan. 
  • Lower Interest Rates: Secured loans have lower interest rates. This makes them more affordable for the borrower. 
  • Longer Repayment Terms: Secured loans often have longer repayment terms than unsecured loans. 
  • Higher Loan Amounts: Secured loans can offer higher loan amounts than unsecured loans. This allows businesses to access more funding for their projects and investments.

Benefits of a secured business loan

  • Lower interest rates: Secured business loans offer lower interest rates than unsecured loans. This is due to the reduced risk for the lender. 
  • Flexible repayment terms: With a secured loan, borrowers can choose from a variety of repayment plans to fit their budget and cash flow. 
  • Easier to obtain: Secured loans are easier to obtain than unsecured loans because the lender has a guarantee of repayment. 
  • Higher loan amounts: Secured loans typically offer higher loan amounts than unsecured loans. This can be beneficial for funding larger projects. 
  • Lower risk: Since the loan is secured by collateral, lenders will usually take on less risk when approving a loan. This can lead to more favourable rates and terms. 
  • Improved credit score: Secured loans can help borrowers improve their credit scores. But they have to show responsible repayment behaviour.

Unsecured business loan

An unsecured business loan does not require the borrower to put up any collateral. This type of loan is often more expensive than a secured loan. Because the lender is taking on more risk, it can be a good option for businesses that do not have any collateral to offer.

This type of business loan is mostly based on factors such as your income, credit score, and financial records. It is also one of the main loans that start-ups tend to use to establish their new firm.

Main features of unsecured business loans

  • The quick and easy application processThe application process is usually straightforward. 
  • Fast approval and fundingUnsecured business loans can be funded quickly. This allows businesses to secure the funds they need for their operations. 
  • Flexible Repayment OptionsUnsecured business loans have flexible repayment options. They can be tailored to meet a business’s needs. 
  • No collateral is required.Unsecured business loans do not need any collateral. This makes them ideal for businesses that do not have any valuable assets to offer as security. 
  • Access to Working CapitalUnsecured business loans provide businesses with access to working capital. It can be used for a variety of business operations.

Benefits of an unsecured business loan

  • Fast and easy approvalUnsecured business loans need less paperwork. They have shorter processing times than secured loans. This makes them an excellent option for businesses that need quick cash. 
  • No requirement for collateral.Unsecured business loans do not require any collateral. This makes them accessible to businesses without any significant assets to secure a loan.
  • Flexibility in UseAn unsecured business loan provides businesses with more flexibility in how they can use the funds. This is different from secured loans, which often require businesses to use the funds for a specific purpose. 
  • Establish CreditUnsecured business loans can help businesses establish credit. It can also help improve their credit score over time.

Final Words

The type of loan you choose is heavily influenced by your current situation. It also depends on your short-term and long-term goals. Therefore, it is important to know the difference between secured and unsecured business loans. A secured business loan is much easier to obtain. It comes with a lower interest rate. An unsecured business loan is easy to obtain but has higher interest rates. 

It is also important to know that secured business loans are backed by collateral, while unsecured business loans are not. 

So, you may opt for an unsecured business loan. That is, if you need money immediately and don’t have collateral. A secured business loan may help if you have a low credit score.

Consulting a financial expert like Piramal Finance is your best bet. They can help you understand every financial aspect of these loans.