Personal Loan

Know different types of unsecured loans and how they work


Whether you need the money for a future project, unforeseen expenses, or even school fees, unsecured loans can help you get funding without providing capital like your home. These loans have less strict eligibility and application requirements than secured loans, and many lenders offer same- or next-day financing.

Even so, unsecured loans come with higher rates and less good treatment than secured loans because they pose a greater risk to lenders. We’ll walk you through how unsecured loans work and help you decide if they’re right for you.

What are Unsecured Loans? 

Unsecured loans may be issued without any security. A lender offers it to you based on your lender’s creditworthiness. A reason, having good credit is needed to be approved for an unsecured loan. Since asset acts as safety for the lender, it is crucial to the loan approval procedure. The interest rate on this loan is often higher when compared to secured loans.

How do Unsecured Loans Work?

You may use unsecured loans, which usually range from $1,000 to $100,000, for several purposes. Loan terms range from two to seven years, with annual percentage rates (APRs) ranging from 6% to 36%.

Today, several lenders provide online prequalification so buyers may compare rates without applying or enduring many demanding credit checks. Depending on the lender, prospective borrowers can also submit an online loan application and get the lender’s decision. In addition, as unsecured loans do not need collateral, clients are not obliged to wait for an appraisal or provide evidence of the value of any assets.

When an unsecured loan is approved, funds are disbursed in one lump payment, and interest is added to the loan balance. Interest is only applied to the outstanding balance, and the lender can use unsecured credit cards and other lines of credit to make the necessary purchases. Monthly payments are needed, and late payments must usually be reported to the three major credit reporting agencies after a time limit.

What are the types of Unsecured Loans?

Continuous Loan

With a revolving loan, you borrow, pay it back, and then borrow again. The bank sets a max credit limit. Depending on your needs, you may use the whole credit limit or only a part of it. Once you have paid all your debts, the credit limit is restored.

Time Loan

A term loan is a great way to have cash when you need a sizable sum of money. On this loan, a set interest rate is often provided. You may repay the loan in equal payments at regular intervals for a certain period. When purchasing expensive fixed assets, a loan is useful.

Loan Consolidation

While you are having trouble with money, your debts may grow. You could find it challenging to make your payments as a result, especially with the rising interest. In this case, a joint loan could be of the most help. You may erase your debt growth and reduce your repayment duration with the aid of this loan.

Types of Unsecured Loans Based on Utilization

We previously characterized loans in terms of their makeup – unsecured loans are divided into several sorts depending on their intended usage.

Marriage Loan

Weddings in India are sometimes expensive ceremonies. You could decide on a term loan to make your wedding special and fund it. You could also be well enough to pay for the wedding’s expenses. But sometimes, you may need to loosen your spending constraints because of other little fees. A revolving loan could be the best choice for covering little or infrequent expenses.

Holiday Loan

A client could use a term loan to cover their holiday costs. You could opt for a revolving loan to pay for recurring or erratic expenses for items like food, shopping, or hobbies. Many people also carry a credit card that may be used to make purchases of any amount of money, wherever in the world.

Festival Loan

Festival loans are personal loans made available during the holiday season at low-interest rates or with added benefits like no processing fees. You may utilise a credit card or revolving line of credit for little expenses. Yet, acquiring a personal loan is an option for several things, like investing in gadgets or organising.

Loan for Home Renovation

You may make your house seem better and more attractive with the help of this loan’s funding. By making improvements to your house with the help of home renovation loans, you may also increase the market value of your property.

Booster Loan

Money is borrowed to pay off an existing debt as a top-up loan. As a result, if you now have a personal loan but need more money, you may apply for a loan that combines all the extra funds you need into one. The result is a straightforward EMI payment rather than having to cope with the challenges of paying and recording many EMI instalments.

A Bridge Loan

A bridge loan is a short-term loan that is necessary. The period may be extended for a total of 12 months.

Loan for agriculture

The agriculture sector continues to employ 50% of the country’s workforce. There is a great demand for agricultural loans as a consequence. A term loan might be used to purchase land, farm equipment, irrigation systems, etc. Yet, revolving credit might be arranged to pay for running expenses like seed purchases and other working capital requirements.

Loan for Pension

Retired people receiving a pension are eligible for a pension loan. It gives you money in unexpected, unforeseen financial situations that must be attended to immediately.

Loan for Consumer Durables

A loan may be taken to purchase gadgets or white goods like computers and mobile phones. Couples often use these loans to buy TVs, fridges, and washing machines.


Unsecured loans, often called personal loans, are often granted to clients with great credit ratings. Depending on an actual base rate, personal loan interest rates may be fixed or liable to vary.

This essay has helped you understand unsecured loans better. To learn more about Piramal Finance, go to their website.