Personal Loan

How to Get a Loan in Five Easy Steps


A loan is a sum of cash taken from a bank or other monetary firm to fund planned or unforeseen events. As a result, you get a debt, which you must repay with interest as well as within a certain time frame. Individuals, businesses, and governments may all be granted loans. The major reason for taking out a loan is to get cash to boost your total cash flow. The lender earns money through fees and interest.

Before any cash is sent, you and the bank must consent to the rules of the loan. In some contexts, the lender may demand you to put an asset up as security. This will be stated in the loan contract. 

How Do Loans Work?

Loans include four main parts: principal, interest, instalment payment, and duration. Knowing each of them can help you figure out if a loan is right for you and how sensible it is.

  • Principal

This is the sum of money you take from a lender. It might be Rs. 50 lakhs for a new home or Rs. 500 for auto service.

  • Interest

The rate of interest is the cost of a loan. It is the amount you have to pay back in addition to the principal. Banks set your interest rate based on various factors, like your credit rating, loan type, and the period you have to repay the debt. Interest is distinct from Annual Percentage Rate (APR), which includes extra costs such as upfront fees.

  • Term

A loan term is the length of time you need to repay the debt in full. Based on the kind of loan, the period might vary from a couple of weeks to many years.

Types of Loans 

  • Personal Loan

Personal loans are provided by all lenders. These loans provide the advantage of allowing you to spend your money any way you choose. The personal loan sum may be used to go on a trip, buy something for the house, or buy a new phone. 

  • Credit Card Loan

This is aimed at those who want funds instantly. You may get this form of a loan through your credit card firm or any banking firm. This is a simple credit with extremely high interest rates.

  • Student Loan

This is a great way to enhance your college education. The most typical loans in this class have very modest interest costs. As a full-time college student, you are not needed to repay these debts promptly. Yet, after you complete your studies and start working, you must return the debt.

  • Mortgage Loan

These are the biggest loans available. This loan is great if you want to purchase your first house or buy any real estate. Mortgage loans are ensured by the firm from whom you are buying.

  • Home Equity Loan

Homeowners may utilise these loans to borrow against the equity in their property. The loan sum is the gap between the assessed house value and the sum owed on the loan.

  • Car Loans

A car loan is simply the sum of money you, as a customer, borrow to fulfil your desire to buy a vehicle. In exchange, you pay the accepted loan amount plus an interest rate. The bank makes full payment to the auto dealer, and you, as the customer, will pay the bank over time, along with interest and other fees.

  • Motorcycle Loans

The two-wheeler loan operates on the same concept as the automobile loan. As two-wheelers are one of the most popular modes of transportation, they have a low down payment and interest rates, allowing millions of people in India to get a two-wheeler loan. A two-wheeler loan may be obtained with as little as a 5% to 20% down payment.

5 Steps to Getting a Loan

There are five steps to getting a loan request approved. They are explained here to assist you in knowing how lending banks handle loans:

Step 1: Determine Your Borrowing Capacity

People who wish to get funds from a bank must determine how much the lender is ready to offer them. This is decided by several criteria, including pre-approval, down payment, debt-to-income ratios, borrowing only what is needed and so on.

Step 2: Obtaining the Best Loan Offer

Several financial choices will satisfy the majority of your objectives. Whether you want to purchase a house or modify it, there are two fundamental kinds of loans to consider: fixed and adjustable-rate loans.

Step 3: Ask for The Loan

This basic process needs you to apply for a loan with the lender of your choosing. It will also require submitting a range of papers to finish the application process. The lender may also need extra paperwork. All lenders examine your information to determine the amount you are qualified to borrow. This usually depends on your financial position.

Step 4: Begin the Loan Procedure

The loan process has distinct stages required by government entities and loan approval standards. Loan sanctions are based on your capacity and desire to repay the loan. The following data is needed to finish the loan process:

  • Employment and income proof
  • Credit score
  • Asset analysis
  • Property valuation 
  • Other paperwork dependent on your specific case

Step 5: Complete Your Financing

When your loan is authorised, a loan-closing date is scheduled. This is when you submit your final loan paperwork. You should study the contract carefully before signing it. Study to confirm that your loan conditions and interest rate are consistent with what you consented to during the loan request and approval procedure. Most loan paperwork is signed and finalised in the presence of a notary. 

Fees linked with the loan and land ownership change are anticipated to be paid during the loan closing. To conclude the closing, you will also be required to present evidence of closing paperwork, such as evidence of payment.


As you are aware, online loans are quite easy to get and hassle-free. They remove the demand for you to go to the bank and guarantee that your credit is handled as soon as possible. To know more about loans, visit Piramal Finance for related blogs and explore their products and services.