Personal Finance

Four Pillars Of Personal Finance And Why They Matter

Personal Finance

Personal finance is a management system that deals with investing and saving. It can be done individually or for a family. It is a record of income, budget, and the amount of money spent. Some financial risks and their effects are a part of personal finance. Retirement plans are also included in personal finance.

Personal finance is an essential part of handling your current financial demands as well as your upcoming finances. Getting a stronghold in personal finance is very important. It helps you make better decisions and take control of your hard-earned money.

The Four Pillars of Personal Finances

The “4 pillars of personal finance” are the following:

  • Asset: An asset is something useful that one owns. The ability of an investment to be quickly transformed into liquidity is what makes it valuable. Money in your checking account is a form of asset. Liquidity means readily available cash. An asset can be for a short or long period of time. One of the most reliable parts of finance is assets. The reason for this is that it is the sole element that provides you with solid financial assistance. Until you have more liabilities, your net worth increases as your assets do. Most assets increase in value over time on their own. 
  • Liabilities: Liability is a burden. It can be money you owe to someone or land that can’t be used anymore. Debt is the major form of liability. Many of us get stuck in debt because we don’t grasp the fundamentals of financial planning. All accounts payable are included in liabilities, which are the reverse of assets like student debts, bank cards, due bills, loans, and other debts. Additionally, the interest that has accumulated on all of these obligations will only be deemed a liability. Interest rates are seen as measures of the value of debt. The interest rate decreases as credit rating increases.

All payables are included in debts, which are the accounting reverse of assets.

  • Income: Income often corresponds to the sum of cash, assets, and other asset exchanges gained over a predetermined period in return for goods or services. There isn’t a single, accepted definition of “income.” Instead, the term is defined in light of the context in which it is used. All of a person’s financial output during a specific amount of time is referred to as “income.” Either monthly or annual calculations are possible. Even if a monthly computation is advised to manage the costs, tracking your earnings and expenses will enable you to meet short-term objectives. Income can be divided into two categories: first, spending power; and second, spare cash. Use this income sensibly and avoid making unnecessary purchases.
  • Expenses: It refers to the cash flowing out. Expenses are any sums of money spent in a certain time frame that don’t result in any revenue. For our daily operations to run smoothly, expenses are required. It is vital to continuously keep a record of your monthly spending to prevent going over budget. You must keep track of spending so that you may compare the planned and real amounts. Keeping track of your monthly spending can be difficult. To minimise unforeseen costs, use your bank card responsibly. Utilize specials, deals, coupons, and other incentives when purchasing goods. To prevent your savings from running out, consider creating a fund for emergencies or unforeseen needs.

Personal finance schemes

Planning your finances is the first step toward security. Follow some of these methods to maintain your personal finance:

  • Understand your money: One must know how the cash flow system works. Calculate your expenses and keep track of your salary.
  • Make a good budget: See what works for you, and plan accordingly. It is important to set one’s own budget. It keeps you aware of where and how your money gets spent.
  • Assign money to yourself: Save some money from your salary to pay for personal expenditures. This can be a medical bill, money for daily use, or even a vacation.
  • Limit your debt: The more debt you have, the lower your credit score becomes. Keep a hold of it and try not to fall into a debt pit. Plan a wise strategy to avoid taking on debt. Debt is not an option you would ever want to opt for.
  • Borrow wisely: Do not borrow a large sum of money from someone. Take only when you are certain you can pay. Taking on large loans will financially drain you.
  • The higher your credit score, the higher your chances of getting loans from a reliable source. Credit history and a good score always keep your finances strong.
  • Future planning: Retirement can be hectic if not planned early. One doesn’t want to end up with poor financial status. To avoid that, save money. Put in a fixed deposit, invest in some reliable source or get yourself a good insurance plan.


Maintaining good personal finance can take you a long way. As we saw, it has four pillars. These are assets, liabilities, income, and expenses. As important as it is to collect assets, it is also important to get rid of liabilities. Debt is the last thing anyone wants in their life. Keep a good balance between your income and expenses.

See how much you can save and exactly how much can be spent. A balance sheet won’t hurt anyone. In turn, it helps you move a straight path in finances. Plan your budget. Find new alternatives and see what works best for you. Try fixing your lifestyle to achieve that plan of yours. Get a grip and start achieving those targets. Personal finances should be regulated regularly to give your dream a chance.

To learn more about personal finance, visit the website of Piramal Finance. Check out the products and services they offer and read the informational blog posted by them.