A mutual fund is a type of investment option with a bunch of funds collected from many investors to invest in various securities. These securities can be shares, bonds, and other assets. Many types of mutual funds are available to investors, each with a unique objective, strategy, and risk profile. Some types are index, equity, fixed-income, balanced, and money market funds.
Investors can invest in mutual fund shares directly from a Demat account or through a broker. The price of a mutual fund share is based on the fund’s net asset value (NAV). This value is calculated at the end of each trading day.
When choosing a mutual fund, you must consider your goals, risk tolerance, and time period. Before deciding, you should also research the fund’s performance, fees, and expenses.
There are different mutual funds available to investors in India. Some of the best mutual funds to invest in India are HDFC Equity Fund, ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund, and SBI Magnum Global Fund.
Advantages of Mutual Funds
Mutual funds offer a variety of benefits, including professional management, diversification, and affordability. Some of the notable benefits are :
1. Managed by experts
a team of experienced fund managers who manage mutual funds. They invest your money in other options like stocks and bonds. This helps spread out your risk. For example, if you have one stock that goes down, you might lose a lot of money. But if you have a bunch of stocks and one goes down, you might not lose as much money. This means you can be safer and make more money.
2. Diversified risks
mutual funds are also diversified, which spreads your risk across investment options. This can improve your overall returns and minimises the risk.
3. Low minimum investement
Mutual funds are also an affordable investment option. There are many funds available with low minimum investment rules. This makes them a great choice for investors with limited resources.
4. Numerous variants
There are several different mutual funds available in the market. So it is vital to choose the right one for you. Some factors to consider include your goals, risk tolerance, and time period.
5. Allows bulk purchase
Mutual funds also offer economies of scale. The larger size of a mutual fund allows it to buy securities in bulk, which reduces transaction costs. This benefit is passed on to shareholders through lower expense ratios.
6. Dividend Reinvestment
Dividends and other interest income sources can be reinvested into the mutual fund to help it grow. This is a great way to keep your investment growing without spending additional money.
The best mutual funds in India offer a variety of benefits and can be a great addition to your investment portfolio.
Disadvantages of Mutual Funds
Mutual funds are often touted as a great investment option, but there are some drawbacks to consider before investing. Below are the major ones :
Firstly, mutual funds can involve certain fees during the cash-out process that get deducted from the overall returns. Every year the mutual fund asks for a management fee to manage the mutual fund. There can be other charges that the fund house may levy from time to time.
2. Risk Involved
Mutual funds are subject to market risk. This means that if you buy a mutual fund, the value of the money you put in can go up or down. This is called market risk. The market risk is that you might lose money if you buy a mutual fund. But there is no guarantee that you will lose money if you buy a mutual fund. If you are okay with taking on some risk, a mutual fund could still be a good investment.
3. Can lead to penalties
Mutual funds can be non-redeemable for a certain period. This means you may have to pay the penalty if you need to cash out your investment before the fund’s maturity date. There is an exit load of 1% that fund houses levy on any withdrawals during the first year. This holds for ELSS schemes. These are tax-saving schemes that have a lock-in period of one year.
4. Tax inefficiency
Mutual funds have to pay out capital gains to their investors. This is because of all the trades the fund makes during the year. The fund will make money from buying and selling stocks, and paying out capital gains is a tax event.
5. Needs professional help
Finally, mutual funds can be difficult to understand and select. You may need professional help to choose the right fund for your needs.
While mutual funds can be a great option, there are some things to keep in mind before investing. Make sure you learn all about the fees and risks linked with it. It can also be helpful to seek professional help to ensure you choose the right funds.
Mutual funds are a good investment choice in India. The reasons are that they are easy to buy and sell, have a low minimum investment amount, and provide the option of choosing your investment portfolio. If you think investing in mutual funds is a good idea, you are on the right track!
Now that you have the details about investing in mutual funds, you can decide whether or not to invest in mutual funds.
If you want to learn more about mutual funds or how to invest in mutual funds, contact Piramal Finance. Visit its website to find out more about its offerings and services!