Business Loan

Business Loan – Short-Term vs Long-Term Loans


Business loans are often the driving force behind a firm’s success. You may use a loan to outfit your firm with office space, need supplies, tools, and more. Any firm may profit significantly from a loan at some point in time. This is where business loans come into play. These loans may help you survive and develop your firm by allowing you to purchase new goods, modernise tools, and invest extra cash into future initiatives and operations.

Loan providers often categorise business loans as either long-term or short-term business loans. Each of these is suited to certain firm requirements. And each has its own set of perks. Are you considering using a business loan to support your new venture? Find out which sort of business loan is best for you here.

What exactly are Short-Term Business Loans?

As the name implies, a short-term business loan is available for a shorter period. This period normally lasts a little more than a year. A short-term firm loan provides fast liquidity for critical demands such as stockpiling vital inventory goods, paying back suppliers, sustaining a seasonal cash flow, and more. Typically, firm loans demand collateral to guarantee that your vendor is adequately reimbursed if monetisation fails.

Short-term loans also assist company owners with the right quantity of money. To get a long-term loan, you must often request a large sum of money. The smaller loan amounts make it simpler to repay and repay debt sooner. Yet, since short-term business loans are for such a short time, no collateral is required to get them. These loans also need less paperwork than long-term loans.

What Are Long-Term Business Loans?

A long-term business loan, as opposed to a short-term business loan, provides larger sums and has a longer period. A long-term firm loan may often be obtained for 5 to 10 years or more. Since these loans are substantially larger and paid over a longer period, these may be used for things like acquiring cutting-edge tools, firm expansion, and renovating the firm’s design.

Long-term business loans, in short, have a higher payback amount. As a result, you may be asked to pledge an asset as security to get these loans. Loan disbursement takes a little longer for long-term loans than for short-term business loans. Lenders often want extra evidence, such as a soft copy of your firm’s balance sheet, to validate your loan form. 

Key differences between Short-Term & Long-Term Business Loans

Here are the key differences between long-term and short-term business loans:

Basis Long-Term Business LoanShort-Term Business Loan
Eligibility CriteriaStrict qualifying requirementsA short-term business loan has slightly easy eligibility needs.
TenureA long payback period extends from 5 to 10 years. In certain situations, it is even longer.A brief payback period lasts between one and three years.
Paperwork Heavy paperworkShort-term business loans need minimal paperwork.
Rates The interest rate is lower.The interest rate charged is usually high.
Processing TimeThese loans often allow faster access to money, sometimes in as little as 24 hours.These normally have a lengthy form process that might last a week or two.

How to choose between Short-Term and Long-Term Business Loans

  1. Requirements for cash flow

Timing is critical when deciding on the repayment period for your short-term business loan. You must have enough money to pay back the loan if it is due. Yet, a missed deadline might still strain your firm’s finances.

Imagine the following scenario: your payment is due, you pay it on time, but you now have very little cash left. You may be unable to pay other bills or be forced to delay other investments. You risk accruing late fines or getting a bad credit score if you make other payments late, further jeopardising your firm’s financial condition.

Make precise projections of your firm’s cash flow needs to avoid this. While at it, consider any extra expenses that may affect your cash flow as your loan due date approaches.

  1. Consider your future and current financial status

If you’re evaluating many options, a short-term loan may make sense to enable you to do the research to decide which is worthwhile. If you are just starting and your short-term cash flow is uncertain, you should give yourself extra time.

In this case, a short-term firm loan might make more sense. A long-term business debt over your head is not ideal if your firm collapses. As a result, a short-term firm loan may be a better place to start.

  1. Determine your risk tolerance

Each entrepreneur must accept the risk of success, although the risk varies depending on various factors. It’s important to remember that there is no “correct” answer to the issue of how much risk you’re willing to accept. The risks are context-dependent when deciding between short-term and long-term financing.

When all other factors are equal, a long-term loan is riskier than a short-term firm loan since repayment takes longer. 

As the debt must be returned sooner, you will often have to pay greater EMIs on a short-term business loan than you would on a long-term firm loan. You may claim that a short-term firm loan is risky if the extra payments are likely to cause financial difficulties.

Finally, determine which loan option is most likely to be granted. Newer firms sometimes cannot get long-term capital simply because these firms lack financial experience. In this case, short-term finance may be your only option.


Finally, picking between long- and short-term business loans comes down to your firm’s demands. A short-term business loan is likely better suited for most small firm owners. Yet, long-term finance may be required in certain cases.

Regardless of the term of your loan, it’s critical to deal with a lender that knows your firm’s goals and issues. Instead of placing your firm in a one-size-fits-all box, look for a lender that can tailor a loan package to your specific requirements.

Still unsure if your firm needs a long-term or short-term loan? Visit Piramal Finance for similar blogs and learn about their products and services.