Business Loan

Are Small Business Loans Secured or Not?


The answer to this question is: It depends!

Small business operators can profit from both secured and unsecured financing. As the lender is taking on less risk, the terms can be more liberalized compared to an unsecured business loan.

There is certainly more going on here though. This article will explore, secured versus small business unsecured loans in detail. After reading this article, you’ll know which option is best for you and your company.

Are Small Business Loans Secured or Not?

While a variety of small business loans are available, the primary distinction between secured and unsecured business loans is the pledged collateral.

The two types of commercial loans are unsecured loans and loans secured by collateral. It is vital to remember that putting up an asset as collateral for a loan means you risk losing it. The lender may take possession of the collateral and sell it to recover their losses. 

A lender’s financial position is not guaranteed in the case of an unpaid unsecured business loan. As this is granted only based on the borrower’s creditworthiness. If you qualify for a loan from a lender will be the deciding factor for the loan you pursue your business.

Knowing the distinctions will help you to select the most appropriate form of financing.

What Is a Secured Loan?

Lenders are protected from loss in the case of default. This happens when a borrower pledges an asset (or assets) as collateral for a secured loan.

The lender takes on less risk with a secured loan, hence the borrower benefits from better terms. The loan amount may be higher, the interest could be lower, and the repayment period could be extended.

How Does a Secured Loan Work?

At the time of loan application, you will specify the asset or assets that will be pledged as collateral. Assets can be anything of value, such as real estate, buildings, cars, machinery, stock, and tools.

How much money you can borrow is based on how much money the asset is worth. In the event of a loan default, the lender pursues the sale of the collateralized assets to recoup losses.

Remember that a secured loan may take longer to organize than an unsecured one. This is because of the time needed to value collateral.

What Is an Unsecured Business Loan?

Unsecured loans are those for which no collateral is provided. Compared to a secured loan, the benefits of an unsecured business loan are less because of the lender’s risk.

How Does an Unsecured Loan Work?

Firstly, submit a loan application providing your financial condition and loan amount.

Unsecured loans can be arranged in a shorter amount of time, but the amount you can borrow is lesser. This helps balance the lender’s increased risk.

Unsecured loans put extra weight on your company because you can’t pledge collateral. Lenders have their own set of needs for giving loans. They will all consider your credit score, your financial standing, and your company strategy. New companies find it hard to get unsecured financing due to their less trade history.

But, there are choices available to small business owners who need unsecured financing. A guarantor issues a letter of guarantee to delinquent payments and recovers losses. There will be a higher chance of approval thanks to this safeguard for the lender.

Difference Between Secured and Unsecured Business Loans

Small business loans can be secured or unsecured, collateral is the only difference.

1. The Application and Review Procedure

Secured loan applications take many weeks to process. It all depends on the type of asset being provided as the loan’s security. Although that isn’t always the case. But, the processing time for an unsecured loan often just takes a few days.

2. Requirements of the Lenders

In both types of loans, the owner of the business may be required to sign a personal assurance agreement. If the company fails to return the loan, this agreement says that you are willing to do so personally.

3. Fees

Since the lender faces less risk with a secured loan, the interest or charge may be reduced. Lenders have the right to liquidate company assets in the event of debt default. A lack of collateral means that interest for unsecured business loans may be higher.

4. Money Borrowed

As there is less of a risk to the lender with secured loans, the amount of money your company can borrow will be higher. The bigger the lender’s risk associated with an unsecured loan, the less money you can borrow.

5. Repayment Period

Secured loans offer a longer period, to repay the borrowed amount. But, the repayment period for an unsecured loan is typically much shorter than that of a secured loan.

What to Choose: Secured or Unsecured Loan?

Whether you go with a secured or unsecured small business loan relies on your unique situation and the lending firm. An unsecured loan is suitable if you need cash. But its eligibility will depend on your credit history and the loan amount. The application procedure for secured loans might be lengthy. 

But, some lenders can process your loan quickly. It truly is at the discretion of the lending institution. The interest rate on a secured loan is usually lower than that of an unsecured loan. But if the borrower defaults on the loan, the firm could lose the collateral used to secure the credit. 

You should consider your goals for the money while deciding on a small business loan. After you’ve determined the type of loan for your company’s needs, you’ll be in a better position to choose one.


When comparing the pros and cons of secured and unsecured small business loans, you must go through many factors. For example, your circumstances, company goals, and many other perspectives.

Secured financing is your company’s best option if it has many valuable assets. But if you are short on liquid funds, look for the best unsecured business loans in the market. Unsecured financing is good for those having strong finance and need access to funds for a limited period.

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